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Separately, the compound is being tested in human clinical trials in rheumatoid arthritis, which is also promising, Sharma said. Im more excited because I am re-purposing this drug, she said. I am not trying to develop a new drug. But that potential is why Augusta University has translational programs to try and bring those promising research ideas to the clinic, said Nussbaum , chair of the Department of Ophthalmology. And it is a big problem to address – there are at least 4.2 million people with diabetic retinopathy in the U.S., according to the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes affected 9.1 percent of people in the U.S. in 2014 and it is even higher in the Augusta area, with 13.5 percent affected in Richmond County and some surrounding counties above 17 percent. Were in a diabetes belt, Nussbaum said. The emphasis on prevention of diabetic eye disease starts with regular care of the disease, he said. Primary care docs now are more keyed into the fact their patients who have diabetes have to have an annual eye screening, Nussbaum said. The longer you have diabetes, the greater the likelihood you are going to develop damage. Because the early stages of the disease dont have symptoms, most patients dont know there is a problem until vision is affected. The problem is it can be a sudden change in vision but it is a disease that has been going on for so long, Nussbaum said.

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Focal/grid.aser is sometimes applied before anti-VEGF injections, sometimes on the same day or a few days after an anti-VEGF injection, and sometimes only when DBE fails to improve adequately after six months of anti-VEGF therapy. The same instruments used during vitrectomy also may be used to remove scar tissue or to repair a detached retina. A dye may be used to reveal leaky blood vessels. Exposure to the sun or looking at the sun during an eclipse can cause damage solar retinopathy, as well as certain drugs for example, chloroquine, thioridazine, and large doses of tamoxifen.  Watch how vitreous haemorrhage affects your eyes. Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes. no dataGood controls of blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol are very important for preventing diabetic retinopathy. Scatter photo coagulation reduces the risk of blindness from vitreous haemorrhage or detachment of the retina, but it only works before bleeding or detachment has progressed very far. The sickle-shaped blood cell reduces blood flow, potentially leading to sickle cell retinopathy .  Certain medications can affect different areas of the retina. 

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